The IL-1β, IL-6, and TNF cytokine triad is associated with post-acute sequelae of COVID-19

Some interesting points from this paper:

  1. The study found that auto-antibodies were LESS frequent in PASC (long COVID) than non-PASC but post-infection. However, the study only looked at three auto-antibodies: ANA, RF, and Anti-Phospholipid.
  2. While 2 participants reported worsening of pre-existing rheumatoid arthritis and psoriasis, none of the participants had a new diagnosis of a bona fide autoimmune disorder. bona fide = legit / genuine / real. This is contrary to the survey data that I collected… lots of flaring and lots of new-onset autoimmunity.
  3. Their data shows that those who vaccinated after infection were slightly more likely to have ongoing PASC. “These data show that the post-infection vaccination rate is equally high in participants in whom PASC eventually resolves as in those with ongoing PASC.”
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Natural supplements that were shown to alleviate inflammation induced by these cytokines:

Hmmm. Therapeutic Solutions International (TSOI) is a penny stock which is making these natural supplements.